According to the most popular legend that is also recorded in Rajtarangani and Nilmat Purana,
two most authoritative books, Kashmir was once a large lake and it was Kashyap Rishi who drained it off
the water, making it a beautiful abode. But geologists have their own theory, which says that geographical changes made way
for the outflow of water by subsidence of the mountain at Khadianayar, Baramulla and thus emerged the Valley of Kashmir, the paradise on earth.Recorded history of Kashmir goes back to about 2000 B.C.
For about three quarters of its history, Kashmir has been an independent state though its area has been
expanding and shrinking.